Venezuela is the world’s fifth-largest oil exporter and has enormous undeveloped natural gas reserves. Venezuela is recognized as one of the world’s 20 Megadiverse countries, with protected areas covering more than 40% of its national land. It is home to the Angel Falls (Churun Meru), located in the Guiana Highlands, is the world’s tallest waterfall and a popular tourist destination. Venezuela is also recognized for the Orinoco River, South America’s second-largest, and for owning the Caribbean’s longest coastline.
Morrocoy National Park
There are several Coraline islands with beautiful clear waters in Morrocoy National Park. The Caves are a sacred site for the natives. There’s the virgin cave, which gets its name from a glimpse of the virgin Mary, and it’s a cave where people make offerings, so there are plenty of sculptures and personal belongings of those who died.
The native cave is a calcareous pit, comparable to cenotes in Mexico, with petroglyphs etched in the stone that dates back about 5000 years. Chichiriviche and the Cuare Refuge are excellent places for birding because more than half of Venezuela’s volatiles visit here during the year. Another option is to spend the day exploring the mangrove waterways.
You may kayak through the canals or take a boat ride across them. The most renowned is the Love Canal, which is said to have been utilised by locals in the past to find some privacy with their loved ones. “Two will enter the love canal, but three will depart,” people say.
Canaima National Park
Angel Falls is accessible via Canaima National Park. Although there are numerous falls and lagoons visible from the Canaima campsite, the primary reason visitors arrive seems to be for three-day, two-night trips to the foot of Angel Falls.
Angel Falls, also known as Salto Ángel, is the world’s highest waterfall, plunging a total of 978 metres from the summit of the Auyan Tepuy, with an 807-meter drop.
The local Pemon Indians call it Parekupa-meru, but it was given the name Angel, because, a US pilot Jimmy Angel crashed-landed on the Auyan Tepuy while looking for gold in 1937. Instead, he discovered this magnificent waterfall. He arrived at Kamarata after 11 days of hiking and made his discovery public. His plane was subsequently recovered and can be seen in front of Ciudad Bolivar’s airport. His ashes were scattered above Angel Falls after his death in 1956.
The region is home to a diverse array of tropical fauna, including monkeys, poison-arrow frogs, and hundreds of orchid varieties.
There are several sights on the way to the fall. The boat excursions and forest hikes provide a unique perspective on Venezuelan flora, wildlife, and geography. You can swim in the tiny pool that forms below the falls if the water flow is gentle enough.
Aside from excursions to Angel Falls, the Canaima National Park provides some demanding hiking, such as expeditions to the 700 square kilometer Auyan-tepui plateau, which can be organised in Ciudad Bolivar. The excursion from Uruyen’s little town takes three days on rocky paths, and the last climb up a gap in the giant rock wall is a challenging struggle, but the rewards are immense – the landscape is bizarre, with colonies of insect-eating pitcher plants clinging to the solid rock.
Trips generally stay a couple of days on top and return in two days to either Uruyen or Kavac. On the tepui, the weather can be rainy and cool; pack a thick fleece and some waterproofs!
Los Roques islands are generally peaceful, quiet, and uninhabited, making them ideal for spending time with your family alone. Gran Roque, the main island, is a collection of modest villa-style hotels that are small yet cosy. Los Roques is teeming with natural ponds and colourful fish. Dos Mosquises’ research station and turtle preserve are well worth a visit. The crew will provide an overview of the station’s work breeding several species of sea turtles. The preserve has a modest admission fee, so pack some cash in your swimming trunks.
Los Llanos is a large plains area that encompasses much of Venezuela’s central and southern regions. Llanos is sparsely inhabited, primarily by rugged farmers and cowboys who make a livelihood from the region’s major industry, vast cattle ranching.
You will be able to enjoy spectacular wildlife such as anacondas, the omnipresent capybaras and caimans, hundreds of bird species, and the rarer jaguars and anteaters amid stunning flat landscapes. This is also the Orinoco Crocodile’s final habitat. Take a grasslands safari from one of the region’s ranchers and dance to Joropo, the indigenous Llanos song.
Comprehending Caracas, Venezuela’s capital city is essential for understanding the country’s urban character. Caracas is a bustling metropolis in a picturesque valley known for its great food, cultural variety, and ideal climate due to the unusual mix of high elevation and closeness to the Caribbean Sea.
Caracas is a fantastic city to visit, with outstanding art, gastronomy, and thriving nightlife. Caracas is set in a picturesque valley that is overshadowed by Mount Avila, a magnificent peak that divides the city from the Caribbean Sea and determines the majority of the city’s scenery. It is a favourite weekend getaway for metropolitan dwellers. The Avila mountain, located to the north of Caracas, is highly recommended for trekking, panoramic views of the city, and fresh air.
Venezuela is one of the most naturalistic and ecologically rich countries; if you have the opportunity to visit the country, be sure to include these destinations in your itinerary.